The falling of the hook will bring great safety hazards to people's personal safety. Before and during the operation, attention should be paid to any factors that may affect the safety of the hook:
1. Irregularity of the hook
1.1 Risks caused by non-standard design, such as failure of overload protection, unreasonable selection of slings, etc.;
1.2 Manufacturing defects and installation defects, etc., make the equipment with hidden dangers put into use.
2. Human unsafe behavior
2.1 It is manifested as unskilled operation skills and lack of necessary safety education and training;
2.2 Undocumented employment;
2.3 Violation of rules and disciplines, brutality, bad operating habits;
2.4 Misjudgment operation, unclear command signal.
3. Environmental factors
3.1 Unfavorable environments that exceed safety limits or sanitary standards, such as high dust, high temperature, high humidity, low temperature, high noise, windy days, poor lighting, etc., will be distracting and directly affect the response of the operators. The stability of ability and technology has increased the chances of misoperation and illegal operations, leading to accidents.
3.2 Poor operating environment will also cause the function of the crane system itself to decrease and even accelerate the failure of parts (structures), which becomes one of the unsafe factors.
4. Security management defects
4.1 Lack of crane management, inspection and regular safety performance inspection;
4.2 Lack of safety education and training of relevant personnel, the establishment of crane safety operation regulations, establishment of violation reward and punishment system, and emergency response plans;
4.3 Lack of regular inspection of lifting equipment and lifting aids, lack of effective monitoring and management, etc.
n short, strengthening the safety education and training of crane-related personnel and conducting regular inspections on the safety performance of cranes (including lifting accessories) in use are necessary guarantees to reduce the occurrence of accidents caused by falling objects on crane hooks.